The Israeli-Palestinian war has been called the world's most intractable conflict. It is by now a commonplace that the only way to end the violence is to divide the territory and separate the two peoples, and all efforts at a resolution have come down to haggling over who gets what: Will Israel hand over 90 percent of the West Bank or only 60 percent? Will a Palestinian state include any part of Jerusalem? One Country proposes an alternative: to revive an old and neglected idea of one state shared by two peoples. Ali Abunimah shows how the two are by now so intertwined—geographically and economically—that the pursuit of separation is doomed to fail, providing neither the security Israelis need nor the rights Palestinians must have. He reveals the bankruptcy of the two-state approach, takes on the objections and taboos that stand in the way of a binational solution, and demonstrates that sharing the territory will bring benefits for all. The absence of other workable options has only lead to ever greater extremism; it is time, Abunimah suggests, for Palestinians and Israelis to imagine a different future and a different relationship. Defying the present climate of hopelessness and deadlock, Abunimah argues that a vibrant, thriving Jewish community can coexist alongside a Palestinian nation, reunited and healed after decades of dispossession, in a new entity that is equally and simultaneously the Jewish state and the Palestinian state.