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Franklin Pierce

The American Presidents Series: The 14th President, 1853-1857

The American Presidents

Michael F. Holt; Arthur M. Schlesinger, Jr., and Sean Wilentz, General Editors

Times Books

The genial but troubled New Englander whose single-minded partisan loyalties inflamed the nation's simmering battle over slavery

Charming and handsome, Franklin Pierce of New Hampshire was drafted to break the deadlock of the 1852 Democratic convention. Though he seized the White House in a landslide against the imploding Whig Party, he proved a dismal failure in office.

Michael F. Holt, a leading historian of nineteenth-century partisan politics, argues that in the wake of the Whig collapse, Pierce was consumed by an obsessive drive to unify his splintering party rather than the roiling country. He soon began to overreach. Word leaked that Pierce wanted Spain to sell the slave-owning island of Cuba to the United States, rousing sectional divisions. Then he supported repeal of the Missouri Compromise, which limited the expansion of slavery in the west. Violence broke out, and "Bleeding Kansas" spurred the formation of the Republican Party. By the end of his term, Pierce's beloved party had ruptured, and he lost the nomination to James Buchanan.

In this incisive account, Holt shows how a flawed leader, so dedicated to his party and ill-suited for the presidency, hastened the approach of the Civil War.


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1

A Precocious Start

Franklin Pierce was born on November 23, 1804, in Hillsborough, New Hampshire. He was the sixth child of Anna Kendrick Pierce and General Benjamin Pierce, who also had a daughter from a previous marriage. Pierce later described his mother as affectionate and endlessly forgiving of his youthful hijinks, but it was his far sterner father, the most influential man in Hillsborough County, who had the greater impact on him. A native of Chelmsford, Massachusetts, Benjamin Pierce had enlisted in the Continental army as a teenager as soon as he heard about the fighting

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REVIEWS

Praise for Franklin Pierce

“Thought-provoking… Holt gives Pierce his due as a politician serving in fractious times and as a man pulling against the swells of a difficult life… a valuable book.”—Concord Monitor

“Professor Holt brings to his task his considerable knowledge of the ins and outs of party politics in the 1850’s. This is the book’s greatest strength… Holt’s book presents a more incisive and more realistic understanding of [Pierce’s] fateful presidency.”—Civil War Book Review, Louisiana State University Library’s Special Collections

“Holt writes well, delivering a lively, opinionated account of a president who served in turbulent times and did not improve matters. This is an admirable addition to the already admirable American Presidents series.”—Publishers Weekly

“Pierce deserves his low ranking by historians, but not, Holt argues, because he was a bad man or politician... Another excellent American Presidents series volume.”—Booklist

Reviews from Goodreads

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ABOUT THE AUTHOR

  • Michael F. Holt; Arthur M. Schlesinger, Jr., and Sean Wilentz, General Editors

  • Michael F. Holt is the Langbourne M. Williams Professor of American History at the University of Virginia. He is the author of six books, including the award-winning The Rise and Fall of the American Whig Party and By One Vote: The Disputed Presidential Election of 1876. He lives in Charlottesville, Virginia.

  • Sean Wilentz Denise Applewhite
    Sean Wilentz
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    Franklin Pierce

    The American Presidents Series: The 14th President, 1853-1857

    The American Presidents

    Michael F. Holt; Arthur M. Schlesinger, Jr., and Sean Wilentz, General Editors

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    Times Books

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