Macmillan Childrens Publishing Group
Commander in Chief

Commander in Chief

How Truman, Johnson, and Bush Turned a Presidential Power into a Threat to America's Future

Geoffrey Perret

Farrar, Straus and Giroux



Trade Paperback

How Korea, Vietnam, and Iraq Made The Commander In Chief and Foretell the Future of America

This is a story of ever-expanding presidential powers in an age of unwinnable wars. Harry Truman and Korea, Lyndon Johnson and Vietnam, George W. Bush and Iraq: three presidents, three ever broader interpretations of the commander in chief clause of the Constitution, three unwinnable wars, and three presidential secrets. Award-winning presidential biographer and military historian Geoffrey Perret places these men and events in the larger context of the post-World War II world to establish their collective legacy: a presidency so powerful it undermines the checks and balances built into the Constitution, thereby creating a permanent threat to the Constitution itself.

In choosing to fight in Korea, Vietnam, and Iraq, Truman, Johnson, and Bush alike took counsel of their fears, ignored the advice of the professional military and major allies, and were influenced by facts kept from public view. Convinced that an ever-more powerful commander in chief was the key to victory, they misread the moment. Since World War II wars have become tests of stamina rather than strength, and more likely than not they sow the seeds of future wars. Yet recent American presidents have chosen to place their country in the forefront of fighting them. In the course of doing so, however, they gave away the secret of American power—for all its might, the United States can be defeated by chaos and anarchy.



This is a story of three unwinnable wars in an age of unwinnable wars: Harry Truman and Korea, Lyndon Johnson and Vietnam, and George W. Bush and Iraq. The end result will be that in another generation, roughly twenty-five years...


Praise for Commander in Chief

“A military historian examines how post-WWII presidents have drained American power by waging three unwinnable wars.Asked about the importance and consequences of the French Revolution, former Chinese Premier Chou En-lai responded, "It's too soon to tell." No such timidity from Perret (Lincoln's War, 2004, etc.), who looks at the last 60 years and concludes that Iraq will break American power, that war between nation states is virtually over, that within a decade, fears about global warming will dwarf the War on Terror, that India, China and the EU will challenge a failing America "to leave regional matters to the people who live there." We've reached this pass, Perret insists, because three American presidents, aided and abetted by fawning, half-bright advisors, a pliant Congress and a deceived public, have run away with their powers and recklessly inserted the nation into armed conflicts in Korea, Vietnam and Iraq. Furthermore, Perret argues, Truman, with his "little-guy" complex, perhaps complicated by mood-enhancing drugs, Johnson and his inferiority complex with regard to predecessor JFK, and G.W. Bush with his Daddy complex, appear to have used war, no matter the consequences to the nation, to work out their own pathologies. Surely it's too soon to tell whether America's last three difficult wars will produce the remarkable turning point Perret sees, and certainly "Presidents Gone Wild" is too glib an explanation for our involvement. But while it's easy to reject the author's judgment, it's impossible to resist his storytelling. He writes in the in-the-room brand of history, full of anecdotes, trivia and acidic portraits of presidential courtiers. Indeed, the chief delight here is the serial takedown of such sacred Washington cows as Clark Clifford ("a little too smooth, a little too pleased with himself") and Paul Wolfowitz ("a graying vulgarian").A fast-moving, sharply told history that arrives at controversial conclusions.” —Kirkus Reviews

Reviews from Goodreads

About the author

Geoffrey Perret

Geoffrey Perret is the award-winning author of twelve previous books, including Ulysses S. Grant, Eisenhower, and Lincoln's War. He has been a consultant for PBS, C-Span, and the History Channel.

Geoffrey Perret

From the Publisher

Farrar, Straus and Giroux

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