Examined Lives

From Socrates to Nietzsche

James Miller

Picador

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A New York Times Notable Book for 2011

We all want to know how to live. But before the good life was reduced to ten easy steps or a prescription from the doctor, philosophers offered arresting answers to the most fundamental questions about who we are and what makes for a life worth living.

In Examined Lives, James Miller returns to this vibrant tradition with short, lively biographies of twelve famous philosophers. Socrates spent his life examining himself and the assumptions of others. His most famous student, Plato, risked his reputation to tutor a tyrant. Diogenes carried a bright lamp in broad daylight and announced he was “looking for a man.” Aristotle’s alliance with Alexander the Great presaged Seneca’s complex role in the court of the Roman Emperor Nero. Augustine discovered God within himself. Montaigne and Descartes struggled to explore their deepest convictions in eras of murderous religious warfare. Rousseau aspired to a life of perfect virtue. Kant elaborated a new ideal of autonomy. Emerson successfully preached a gospel of self-reliance for the new American nation. And Nietzsche tried “to compose into one and bring together what is fragment and riddle and dreadful chance in man,” before he lapsed into catatonic madness.

With a flair for paradox and rich anecdote, Examined Lives is a book that confirms the continuing relevance of philosophy today—and explores the most urgent questions about what it means to live a good life.

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Book Excerpts

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SOCRATES
 
Socrates in profile, a graphite drawing, c. 1820, by the British poet, printmaker, and mystagogue William Blake (1757–1827). “I was Socrates,” Blake remarked near the end of his life. “I must have had conversations with him. So I had with Jesus Christ. I have an obscure recollection of having been with both of them.” (Yale Center for British Art, Paul Mellon Collection, USA/The Bridgeman Art Library International)
 
In the middle of the fifth century B.C., the city-state of Athens was at the zenith of its power and influence.

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Reviews

Praise for Examined Lives

“A vivid set of philosophical tales . . . a fresh treatment of subjects who are often served up stale.” —The Economist

“Endlessly rich . . . An earnest, wistful collection of biographical sketches of a dozen preeminent 'lovers of wisdom'.” —The Wall Street Journal
“Fascinating. . . Miller does not rest with digging out petty failings or moments of hypocrisy. He shows us philosophers becoming ever more inclined to reflect on these failings, and suggests that this makes their lives more rather than less worth studying.”—Sarah Bakewell, The New York Times Review of Books

“Close to irresistible.” —The Buffalo News

“Engagingly written . . . a good raconteur, Miller has an eye for the pungent, sometimes heart-wrenching episodes of the lives he relates . . . [yielding] all the pleasures a scandal affords. . . .Written with passion, the twelve stories are page-turners.” —The Philadelphia Inquirer

“An approachable book about what it means to live the philosophical life . . . [Examined Lives] is as exciting as a thriller.” —The Wichita Eagle

“Reading Jim Miller's Examined Lives is like watching Roger Federer play tennis.  The graceful movement of his mind is a joy to behold.”—Lewis H. Lapham
 
“This book proves, once and for all, that philosophy isn't simply a body of knowledge, but a practice that requires a body—a living, breathing person in relentless pursuit of ever-elusive wisdom. May the Socratic passion that infuses its pages infect all who read them!” —Astra Taylor, director of Examined Life and Zizek!
 
“James Miller has achieved an unlikely feat: he's written a page-turner about the history of philosophy. Examined Lives does for the great philosophers what Dr. Johnson did for the English poets in Brief Lives—given us biographies in miniature, portraits of the life behind the work. He makes even the toughest cases—Kant, Descartes, Nietzsche—come alive. It's a great story, and Miller is a superb story-teller.”—James Atlas, author of Bellow: A Biography

“All too often, philosophers’ ideas are presented acontextually. James Miller artfully shows how philosophers’ ideas reflect their lives and often, in turn, impact those lives.” —Howard Gardner, The John H. and Elisabeth A. Hobbs Professor of Cognition and Education, Harvard University

“James Miller’s Examined Lives is a wise and courageous book that reminds us of the sheer delight of the love of wisdom and the unsettling effect of the philosophic life. Our age is in many ways a battle between the hard-earned serenity of Montaigne and the inescapable torment of Nietzsche. Miller gives us armor in this battle!” —Cornel West, Princeton University

"James Miller's Examined Lives is a tour de force of biography, history, and philosophy. Rarely have great lives and great ideas of the past been presented so accessibly or with such relevance for the present." —James Carroll, author of Constantine's Sword


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About the Author

James Miller

James Miller is a professor of politics and the chair of liberal studies at the New School for Social Research. He is the author of The Passion of Michel Foucault and Flowers in the Dustbin: The Rise of Rock & Roll, 1947–1977, among other books. He lives in New York City.

James Miller

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James Miller

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Available Formats and Book Details

Examined Lives
From Socrates to Nietzsche
James Miller

Trade Paperback

Trade Paperback
Picador
January 2012
Trade Paperback
ISBN: 9781250002327
ISBN10: 125000232X
Rough Front/Deckel Edge
5 1/2 x 8 1/4 inches, 432 pages, Includes 12 black-and-white illustrations
$18.00

Hardcover

Hardcover
Farrar, Straus and Giroux
January 2011
Hardcover
ISBN: 9780374150853
ISBN10: 0374150850
6 x 9 inches, 432 pages, 12 Black-and-White Illustrations, Notes, and an Index
$28.00

e-Book Agency

e-Book Agency
Farrar, Straus and Giroux
January 2011
e-Book Agency
ISBN: 9781429957168
ISBN10: 1429957166
432 pages
$9.99
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Picador

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