Skip to main content
Macmillan Childrens Publishing Group
James A. Garfield

James A. Garfield

The American Presidents Series: The 20th President, 1881

The American Presidents

Ira Rutkow; Arthur M. Schlesinger, Jr., General Editor

Times Books


The ambitious self-made man who reached the pinnacle of American politics—only to be felled by an assassin's bullet and to die at the hands of his doctors

James A. Garfield was one of the Republican Party's leading lights in the years following the Civil War. Born in a log cabin, he rose to become a college president, Union Army general, and congressman—all by the age of thirty-two. Embodying the strive-and-succeed spirit that captured the imagination of Americans in his time, he was elected president in 1880. It is no surprise that one of his biographers was Horatio Alger.

Garfield's term in office, however, was cut tragically short. Just four months into his presidency, a would-be assassin approached Garfield at the Washington, D.C., railroad station and fired a single shot into his back. Garfield's bad luck was to have his fate placed in the care of arrogant physicians who did not accept the new theory of antisepsis. Probing the wound with unwashed and occasionally manure-laden hands, Garfield's doctors introduced terrible infections and brought about his death two months later.

Ira Rutkow, a surgeon and historian, offers an insightful portrait of Garfield and an unsparing narrative of the medical crisis that defined and destroyed his presidency. For all his youthful ambition, the only mark Garfield would make on the office would be one of wasted promise.

James A. Garfield

Early Years
Saturday, July 2, 1881, was as pleasant a day as can come with an American summer weekend. For James Abram Garfield, the twentieth president of the United States, the exquisite weather...

Praise for James A. Garfield

"Rutkow (Bleeding Blue and Grey: Civil War Surgery and the Evolution of American Medicine) is a clinical professor of surgery; he offers a brilliant summary of contemporary medical practices, and chronicles the decline of the President's health with informative (if gory) exactness. The material of the final third of the book is clearly the area of Rutkow's expertise, and the vibrant details and analysis contained there is what makes this an unorthodox but ultimately intriguing example of minor Presidential biography. " - Publishers Weekly -

Reviews from Goodreads

Ira Rutkow; Arthur M. Schlesinger, Jr., General Editor

Ira Rutkow is a clinical professor of surgery at the University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey. He also holds a doctorate of public health from Johns Hopkins University. He is the author of Bleeding Blue and Gray: Civil War Surgery and the Evolution of American Medicine and Surgery: An Illustrated History, which was a New York Times Notable Book. He and his wife divide their time between New York City and the Catskills.

Ira Rutkow

image of Arthur M. Schlesinger Jr.o
Dominique Nabokov

Times Books

Latest on Facebook