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When It Was Grand

The Radical Republican History of the Civil War

LeeAnna Keith

Hill and Wang

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ISBN10: 0809080311
ISBN13: 9780809080311


352 Pages



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In 1862, the ardent abolitionist William Lloyd Garrison summarized the events that were tearing apart the United States: “There is a war because there was a Republican Party. There was a Republican Party because there was an Abolition Party. There was an Abolition Party because there was Slavery.”

Garrison’s simple statement expresses the essential truths at the heart of LeeAnna Keith’s When It Was Grand. Here is the full story, dramatically told, of the Radical Republicans—the champions of abolition who helped found a new political party and turn it toward the extirpation of slavery. Keith introduces us to the idealistic Massachusetts preachers and philanthropists, rugged Midwestern politicians, and African American activists who collaborated to protect escaped slaves from their captors, to create and defend black military regiments and win the contest for the soul of their party. Keith’s fast-paced, deeply researched narrative gives us new perspective on figures ranging from Ralph Waldo Emerson and John Brown, to the gruff antislavery general John Fremont and his astute wife, Jessie Benton Fremont, and the radicals’ sometime critic and sometime partner Abraham Lincoln.

In the 1850s and 1860s, a powerful faction of the Republican Party stood for a demanding ideal of racial justice—and insisted that their party and nation live up to it. Here is a colorful, definitive account of their indelible accomplishment.


Praise for When It Was Grand

“This timely and highly readable book gives us a concise history of the Republican party when it was the party of Lincoln and antislavery. LeeAnna Keith shows that abolitionists and the Radical Republicans, far from being extremists, were seers of an interracial democracy in the United States who would be dismayed at the state of the party they founded today.”—Manisha Sinha, author of The Slave's Cause: A History of Abolition

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Read an Excerpt



The founding father of the Republican Party hailed from Illinois and stood just over five feet tall with his boots on. His name was Stephen Douglas, and by 1854 the so-called Little Giant of the...

About the author

LeeAnna Keith

LeeAnna Keith teaches history at the Collegiate School for Boys in New York City. She is the author of The Colfax Massacre: The Untold Story of Black Power, White Terror, and the Death of Reconstruction.

LeeAnna Keith